Book Philosophy Dialectic

SOUTHWESTERN STATE UNIVERSITY OF the BAHIA UESB Department of Geography – DG For: Jose Carlos de Oliveira Ribeiro, 2008 Orienting Teacher Rita de Cssia Commentary of the book: Philosophy Dialectic and Education of Physical Geography According to author, the Philosophy Dialectic is associated science, of this form, looks for to understand the phenomena, from the agreement of the laws of the nature to understand as that it if structure and independent desestrutura of the antrpica action or not. The nature is dynamic and this always in movement as Heraclitus affirmed that the nature is in constant transformations, is one perpetuates to come – to be: ' ' in them we do not bathe two times in rio&#039 the same; '. From this paradigm it can be understood how much the nature is dynamic. The author emphasizes the question of the interrelation of the human beings with the nature and the contradictions that exist to reach the reality. She is through these contradictions that the dialectic becomes possible, stops to understand the phenomena and, over all, the geographic transformations and of the endogeneticas and epirogeneticas transformations, therefore the set of circumstances of a natural landscape possesss a history, it is not presented of static form, it is not stopped in the time and the molded space being only for the antrpica action. Then the landscape if auto-develops, if it transforms, evolve, possesss proper laws that must be considered in any geographic study assume a scientific character. Of this form, the humanity fits to respect these laws to look for of certain form to leave that the nature if develops not interrupting what the nature takes thousand of years to construct.

On the basis of the conclusions that the author makes, are apparent that nor everything who occurs in the transformations of the nature has direct relation with the antrpicas actions, as for example, the alterations in the climate mainly, to put are certain that in many cases antrpicas actions contribute phenomena to speed up them when the performance is made of form that attacks the nature, the sight of this can perceive with increase of emission of Co2 and other gases that are contributing for growth of the temperature of the Planet Land in recent years. When the author if relates to the one of Physical Geography, this will carry through leaving of the dialtico point of view, she will allow to arrive the conclusions on the heterogeneidade of the geographic sphere as a consequncia of the diversity of its components. The professor, when dealing with the natural estruturao of the landscapes, to develop a scientific conception, can use the laws of the dialectic, constructing itself these in an excellent resource pupil to obtain it to enxergar the dynamic nature as something, with interactions in permanent transformations. Bibliography: BARROS, Maelda de Lecerda. Pupil of the Course of Mestrado in Geography of the Federal University of Pernambuco, 2007.

Globalization

The globalization is a chimera. The men are divided social, racial, religiously and geographically. In the small planet distant worlds had been created where explored and exploring they coexist in an apparent harmony. In saying of Polibus, it does not exist so terrible witness, nor so implacable plaintiff how much the conscience that deferred payment in the heart of each man. To this conscience, that can be known and be developed, the part of God who inhabits in each heart, is that each man will have to give to accounts one day, for what made and left to make; only, the true and undisputed female judge who all load I obtain since the instant that is born and that it can be extended in the process of the life through the evolution that implies the acquisition of knowledge. The question of the moment is the magnifying of the conscience that much has to see with the headquarters for eternity and the source of the perpetual youth that the old ones pressentiam and that it will allow in them to project.

Geographical Education

The education of Geography has enters the contents to be taught, the cartographic languages, as reading and production of simple maps that indicate the recognition of the referenciais of localization, orientation and distance; the deepening of the notion of ratio and scales and for the referenciais of localization, the points cardinals, the divisions and contours politicians of the maps, the system of colors and legends; I dare of the cartography as instrument of approach of the places and the world. The cartography corresponds to the language created for registers on the places. We cannot forget that the registers on the space appear in the drawing of children and they are in these drawings that the child shows its cartographic language and that she can be applied in classroom. When a professor asks for its pupils to draw its passage of house for school, it perceives that in these maps (drawings) that the object appears located ones in relation to the others, in lesser size, with traces that allow to say what they mean thus and, they demonstrate the elements of the maps of one alone time, as its localization, scales, projection and legend. With this the professor takes the pupil to understand the maps without leaving for a tiring and isolated education of each one of these elements, become a more easy reading of thematic maps that has the specific objective to show to the space behavior of a subject or geographic phenomenon. Examples of thematic maps include distribution, population maps, of income, among others.

The thematic map is analytical and clarifying and is found in didactic books and Atlases, since the same ones present given on determined territories by means of a language it specifies. Thus, in place of alfabetizar the pupil with a graphical code, they confide if more easy the use and interpretation of thematic maps in the education of Geography.