This is not more than the function of agent of the socialization that it has and that as much him weight of which " spoke to us; old and querido" Durkheim. But this function is not the unique one that it owns, also is formed to offer to its students knowledge that the picked up humanity as a whole to and that seem to be in background against the reality of a hour extension that it looks for to solve problems of social nature and not as much educative, and that in addition load to the educational ones with a weight for which no they are neither preparations nor within its roll. Often I have felt desire to shout. I do not want to be father of my students, I want to be its teacher! It would never assume a responsibility that is not incumbent on to me, to help yes in the clear task that, but to occupy a roll that would be so injurious for the student as the absence of the same, that yes that not it desire, neither for me nor for no educational one which one boasts. To be father or mother is for all the educational life however to be hard a school year.
If we are going to extend the schedule we do it with coherence, offering him to the students a greater educative and locativa supply. Constructing more halls the things are not fixed either, but extending the educative spaces gymnasiums, factories, theaters, campings, libraries that in many cases can be outside the school. When the schedule extends the school is in danger to become a jail for the students who feel under control and for the educational one that the experience like jailer. It is not newness mine who the educative centers have much common with the jails said already it Foucault; for that reason it is precise to extend the educative supply, substantially.
The division of the Tedulo world Lopez Melndez Been and nation Approximately a State implies relatively a well defined territory, a population and a central government whom the sovereignty exerts. A nation is a social and cultural being, conformed by people who share an historical experience and desire to live together. So that a Be-nation is a territory where a population of common characteristics shares a collective destiny and for which has a central power. The Be-nation finds its origins in European century XV. In some cases the State I create the nation by means of the exercise of the power by a central authority that seted out to construct a national identity. In other cases the nation I create to the State, since the linguistic common bows or other particularitities took cultural to look for them the legal form of their permanence. The Be-nation we know as it at the moment is born in century XIX, since before the straight divine call were effective according to which the authority of the monarchs descended directly of God. It is what monarchic absolutism has been denominated, with maximum expression in centuries XVI and XVII.
Then, especially in century XVIII, efforts are made take care of the population in which enlightened despotism has been denominated. Farmers, landowners, bourgeois and aristocrats moved under an order settled down by varied feudal systems while the sovereign maintained estatus and the customary right. It appears in scene the rationalism, new productive techniques denominated Capitalism and new administrative forms denominated bureaucracy. That is to say, no longer one goes away to the Bible but one goes away to the man and one considers that a science of the man can be developed. Fundamental personages like Hobbes and Locke conduct battle. No longer the divine origin is accepted and it demands itself to replace it by a limited and rational contract between governed governors and.