The division of the Tedulo world Lopez Melndez Been and nation Approximately a State implies relatively a well defined territory, a population and a central government whom the sovereignty exerts. A nation is a social and cultural being, conformed by people who share an historical experience and desire to live together. So that a Be-nation is a territory where a population of common characteristics shares a collective destiny and for which has a central power. The Be-nation finds its origins in European century XV. In some cases the State I create the nation by means of the exercise of the power by a central authority that seted out to construct a national identity. In other cases the nation I create to the State, since the linguistic common bows or other particularitities took cultural to look for them the legal form of their permanence. The Be-nation we know as it at the moment is born in century XIX, since before the straight divine call were effective according to which the authority of the monarchs descended directly of God. It is what monarchic absolutism has been denominated, with maximum expression in centuries XVI and XVII.
Then, especially in century XVIII, efforts are made take care of the population in which enlightened despotism has been denominated. Farmers, landowners, bourgeois and aristocrats moved under an order settled down by varied feudal systems while the sovereign maintained estatus and the customary right. It appears in scene the rationalism, new productive techniques denominated Capitalism and new administrative forms denominated bureaucracy. That is to say, no longer one goes away to the Bible but one goes away to the man and one considers that a science of the man can be developed. Fundamental personages like Hobbes and Locke conduct battle. No longer the divine origin is accepted and it demands itself to replace it by a limited and rational contract between governed governors and.